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Allowing Biological Males In Women’s Sports Is Scientifically Unsound | Opinion

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Allowing Biological Males In Women’s Sports Is Scientifically Unsound | Opinion

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CAMBRIDGE, MA - FEBRUARY 18: University of Pennsylvania swimmer Lee Thomas smiles on the podium after winning the 200m freestyle at the 2022 Ivy League Women's Swimming and Diving Championships on February 18 at Blodgett Basin in Massachusetts.
Allowing Biological Males In Women's Sports Is Scientifically Unsound | Opinion

CAMBRIDGE, MA - FEBRUARY 18: University of Pennsylvania swimmer Lee Thomas smiles on the podium after winning the 200m freestyle at the 2022 Ivy League Women's Swimming and Diving Championships on February 18 at Blodgett Basin in Massachusetts. © Katherine Riley/Getty Images CAMBRIDGE , MA – February 18: University of Pennsylvania swimmer Lee Thomas smiles on stage after winning the 200-yard freestyle at the 2022 Ivy League Women's Swimming and Diving Championships in Hass, Massachusetts.

College or even the Olympics allow biological males to compete in women's sports; Pretend it's something else that's honest.

There is no argument in favor of the fact that the sex of a person is determined at the moment of fertilization and fertilization of the egg by the "X" or "Y" spermatozoon, which determines only one of the two sexes. After fertilization, male and female developmental pathways change immediately and well below the level of cellular DNA. These branching paths exist throughout a person's life.

Each nucleated cell in the human body contains 46 sex chromosomes "XY" (indicating biological male) or "XX" chromosomes (indicating biological female). These nucleated cells, in turn, have sex-specific functions that control their development and biological function.

In fact, sexuality is not only "on the surface". It exists at the microscopic, cellular level, and biological sexuality is controlled by the 100 trillion (or more) cells in the human body.

the conclusion. The indelible mark of biological sex, placed in the mother's womb and at conception, cannot be changed either scientifically or medically.

No artificial hormones or "puberty blockers" scientifically known as "gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists" can suppress this physiological change. The HHS Office of Population Affairs (OPA) has stated that its use in children is "safe" and "reproducible" in its widely publicized final official guidance. Recently, however, even the scientifically proven Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has warned that the drugs can cause life-threatening brain swelling, headaches, nausea, multiple vision problems (including blindness), and brain tumors. the brain. This admission demonstrates OPA's breach of its duty to science. You don't need to be a specially trained FDA drug safety expert to know that using pharmacology to challenge the biological programming of the human body's trillions of nuclear cells can have dire consequences.

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A recent review of two dozen medical studies published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine explains the athletic benefits of the XY chromosome at the cellular level. This indicates that biological males have advantages in muscle mass, lean body mass, two measures of muscle strength and endurance (hemoglobin and hematocrit), and indirect measures of oxygen transport and reproductive function. Although synthetic estrogens and anti-testosterone pharmaceuticals have been shown to slightly reduce these parameters, and even in the absence of normal male testosterone levels during competition, mating benefits exist due to the latent effects of testosterone throughout life. The article concludes that "strength, [lean body mass], and muscle area remain higher in trans women than in [biological] women, even after 36 months of hormone therapy."

During puberty, exposure to testosterone increases current and future physical performance and muscle endurance, and muscle endurance depends on oxygen consumption. Men have physiologically wider airways due to the effects of testosterone. According to researchers in the journal Breathe , "higher airway oxygen uptake in women means that more of the total oxygen uptake is directed to the respiratory muscles, which affects exercise performance."

The highly visible external dimorphism between males and females is one of the many physiological and metabolic differences between the sexes that must be corrected for accurate sex determination in sport.

If you thought athletes like University of Pennsylvania swimmer Lee Thomas were rookies, you'd be wrong. In fact, men's attempts to take over women's sports are a phenomenon that has been going on for decades. Men who attempt to compete in women's sports have historically been rejected before they even get close to competing.

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Media reports date back to at least the 1930s when men impersonated women to participate in women's sports and gain false fame. Since this problem persists over time, since the 1940s there have been rules governing the participation of athletes of different genders to prevent it.

Surreal progressive colleges, universities and sports organizations want to ignore biology and promote Kafkaesque language. This trend is depriving American women of a chance to win. While it seems like some unreliable professional organizations like USA Cycling are finally starting to realize this, it's not enough.

The scientific answer will always be that both biological men and biological women are players.

Dr. David Gortler is a pharmacologist, pharmacist, FDA researcher, and health policy observer and FDA reform advocate at the Center for Ethics and Public Policy, a think tank in Washington, DC. He was a professor of pharmacology and biotechnology at Yale University School of Medicine. He was later appointed Senior Advisor to the FDA Commissioner for Drug Safety, FDA Science Policy, and FDA Regulatory Affairs.

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

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