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Construction basics: what is framing?

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Construction basics: what is framing?

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Construction basics: what is framing?

A new concept that is becoming popular among engineers and architects

The “framing”, also known as “steel frame” is a construction model idealized in the United States. Basically, framing is a way to make the construction process faster and easier, as all parts arrive at the construction site ready-made, without the need for the engineer to create a new part. This concept is to save time and material, because creating new parts generates a higher cost and can also delay the project by days.

This new model that is becoming popular can be seen as a puzzle. The professional who developed the project needs to specify which parts are needed, so it is at the discretion of the construction company or it may be a request from the engineer responsible for ordering the parts from another company that manufactures this type of ready-made material. When the pieces arrive at the construction site, they simply fit together, just like a jigsaw puzzle.

The speed and economy of materials has made the construction business sector one of the fastest growing worldwide. With less time in construction, it is possible to create more projects that can be from houses to stadiums for shows and events. In the topics below we will talk more about how framing works for different projects.

Materials

The materials used in the framing style are also known as dry materials, because it is not necessary to mix them with water or other liquid materials. For example, it is common to mix cement, sand and water for different uses in a construction, currently, because of framing, this type of work is unnecessary. This facilitates the work of professionals working in construction.

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Residence 

Houses in the United States are already built using the framing model. For those who don’t know, most American homes are based on less complex materials such as wood, for example. The wood arrives at the construction site in the ideal size that was stipulated in the project, so cuts and readjustments are, in most cases, expendable, it is enough to fit the woods so that the structure of the house is ready.

In countries where wood is not the main material for building houses, an example is the Latin countries that use iron and cement to be the base of the houses, it is still possible to build in the framing model, because there is already a model in cement and iron, which saves time in construction, since in the past it was necessary to mix the cement on site and wait more than a day for it to be ready to proceed with the other stages of construction.

In residential planning, especially in condominiums, framing has become the most viable option for properties to be delivered in a shorter period of time than in traditional planning, without forgetting safety and quality, because framing is also a means of building in a safe way.

Buildings

The plans for residential and commercial buildings are also following the framing model. This is because buildings, even though they are taller than houses, can be built quickly and safely. With precast parts, entire floors can be ready in a matter of months, so many building constructions last a year at most. 

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For those who are curious about buildings that were built using the framing model, they can easily find them in large cities such as New York, São Paulo, Moscow and Dubai, which are world references in contemporary architecture. These cities have many commercial buildings and to save time and money, the government or construction companies choose to go with framing.

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